Conduct new search

0280 - Infant and young child feeding practices among caretakers of children 0-23 months in Sierra Leone prior to the ebola outbreak

Authors

  • Chiwile, Faraja 
  • Dominguez, Elisa 
  • Ellie, Mariama
  • Koroma, Aminata S. 
  • Petry, Nicolai 
  • Rohner, Fabian 
  • Russel, Feimata 
  • Sesay, Fatmata F.
  • Wirth, James 
  • Woodruff, Bradley A 

Objectives

To assess the infant and young child (IYCF) practices among caretakers of children 0-23 months in Sierra Leone.

Methods

Children less than 24 months of age were analyzed from a nationally representative cross-sectional survey (2013). Using the World Health Organization IYCF indicators, information on feeding practices was collected from caretakers using structured questionnaires in face-to-face interviews during household visits. Additionally, a recently proposed infant and child feeding index was calculated.

Results

Among 319 children 0-23 months of age, 66% (95% confidence intervals [CI]: 59, 73) of caretakers reported initiating breastfeeding within the first hour of birth. For the 77 children less than 6 months of age, 42% (95% CI: 29, 55) were exclusively breastfed. Continued breastfeeding coverage at one year was high (89% of 63 children 12-15 months of age (95% CI: 81, 94), but only 42% (95% CI: 28, 58) of infants 6-8 months had received semi-solid foods. Among children 6-23 months, only 35% (95% CI: 28, 43) of 281 children had a diet with minimum diversity, 26% (95% CI: 19, 34) of 196 children achieved minimum meal frequency, and 13% (95% CI: 8, 20) of 207 children had a minimally acceptable diet. The infant and child feeding index was deemed satisfactory in only 17% (95% CI: 13, 21) of 324 children 0-23 months of age.

Conclusions

Optimal IYCF practices remain a challenge for most households in Sierra Leone. Exclusive breastfeeding is not sufficiently widespread and complementary feeding practices are suboptimal. Interventions to improve IYCF practices should be sustained and scaled up.

Upload your presentation

Use the tool below to upload your PDF poster or Powerpoint presentation.

  • Accepted file types: ppt, pptx, pdf.
    Your file should be no bigger than 7MB.

If you would like us to attach it to your abstract please send it to mnforum@micronutrient.org

* Required