Assessment of the magnitude of double burden of malnutrition and its associated factors among selected in-school adolescents in Arba Minch Town, Southern Ethiopia: school-based cross-sectional study

Abstract Number Theme Presentation Type Cover Approved
0164 Micronutrients, overweight and obesity Poster Not Approved


Abstract Content


To assess the magnitude of double burden of malnutrition and its associated factors among in-school adolescents in Arba Minch town, Southern Ethiopia.


School based, Cross-sectional study was conducted among 634 adolescents in Arba Minch town from March to April, 2015.Stratified multi-stage sampling method was used. A self-administered questionnaire was used to collect socio-demographic, food insecurity and physical activity data. Anthropometric measurements [weight, height, waist circumference and hip circumference] were performed by using calibrated equipments and standardized techniques. Finally bivariate and multivariate analysis was done using multinomial regression model using SPSS, version21 and WHO Anthro-Plus software, version 1.0.4 for classifying nutritional status of adolescents.


The magnitude of underweight, normal and overweight and/or obesity were 19.7% (95%CI: 16.5%, 23.2%), 69.2% (95%CI: 66.2%, 72.2%) and 11.2% (95%CI: 8.7%, 13.7%), respectively. Respondents whose family size of five or less were 80% times less likely to be underweight [AOR=0.2; 95% CI= 0.12 to 0.4] compared to those whose family size of more than 5, whereas, the odds of being overweight and/or obesity was 79% times lower in participants who spent 9 hours and less in sitting than those who spent in sitting above 9 hours per day [AOR=0.21; 95% CI=0.1 to 0.4)].


This study revealed the coexistence of double burden of malnutrition among in-school adolescents. Parents’ education, family size and wealth index were some significantly associated factors.

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