Archives: Abstract

A nutrition education intervention affects the diet-health related practices and nutritional status of mothers and children in a pulse-growing community in Halaba, south Ethiopia

Objectives A six-month nutrition education intervention on pulse and other food consumption was conducted in mothers of children under-5 in the pulse-growing region of Halaba, south Ethiopia. The intervention incorporated the health belief model, on Knowledge, Attitude and Practices (KAP), and objective measures included dietary diversity scores (DDS), dietary intakes and nutritional status. Methods Between …

A nutrition education intervention affects the diet-health related practices and nutritional status of mothers and children in a pulse-growing community in Halaba, south Ethiopia Read More »

Serum vitamin D levels are associated with handgrip muscle strength in Ethiopian schoolchildren: a cross-sectional study

Objectives Despite low serum levels of 25(OH)D among children and adolescents worldwide including Ethiopia, data are lacking whether serum 25(OH) levels among Ethiopian schoolchildren are associated with handgrip muscle strength. Thus, this study aims at evaluating the association between serum levels of 25(OH)D and handgrip muscle strength among schoolchildren aged 11-18yrs in Ethiopia. Methods The …

Serum vitamin D levels are associated with handgrip muscle strength in Ethiopian schoolchildren: a cross-sectional study Read More »

Taking the pulse . . . understanding the policy space and stakeholder considerations for implementation of an iron/ zinc lentil dal fortification strategy

Objectives Poor health, impairment of early childhood immunity and cognitive development and even death can be associated with vitamin and mineral deficiencies (VMD), particularly prevalent in individuals living in developing nations and/or refugee camp situations. Solving the problem of VMD is complex and clinical symptoms are not readily detected. Global alliances and food aid partnerships …

Taking the pulse . . . understanding the policy space and stakeholder considerations for implementation of an iron/ zinc lentil dal fortification strategy Read More »

Maternal vitamin B-12 status is negatively related to high plasma folate in early pregnancy

Objectives To characterize changes in vitamin B-12 (B-12) and folate status biomarkers across pregnancy and to assess the influence of high plasma folate on B-12 status. Methods Prospective cohort comprising 299 women followed during the three trimesters of pregnancy in a primary health center in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. Plasma concentrations of total B-12, total …

Maternal vitamin B-12 status is negatively related to high plasma folate in early pregnancy Read More »

Enhancing nutrition and capacity strengthening of farmers in selected communities in Nigeria

Objectives The aim of this study was to sensitize farmers of biofortified cassava and to strengthen their capacity and empowerthem through income generation Methods The study was conducted at three locations in Nigeria: Elekokan community in Oyo (south-west), Uyo in Akwa-Ibom (south-south) and Mokwa in Niger (north central) states in 2013. One-hundred and fifty farmers …

Enhancing nutrition and capacity strengthening of farmers in selected communities in Nigeria Read More »

Effect of processing on total carotenoid content in selected yellow root cassava varieties and their products.

Objectives The objective was to study the effect of processing on total carotenoid content of selected yellow cassava genotypes Methods Five yellow cassava genotypes bred by the International Institute of Tropical Agriculture (IITA) under the HarvestPlus Cassava Biofortification Project, were boiled, and some processed into gari, a dry fermented and roasted cassava product. The total …

Effect of processing on total carotenoid content in selected yellow root cassava varieties and their products. Read More »

Rolling up food fortification to rural areas in Tanzania

Objectives To test the feasibility and scalabilityof the rural food fortification before scaling it up to other rural areas in Tanzania. Methods We carried out a cross-sectionalevaluation study on pilot project to test (i) fortification of maize flour at hammer mill level using scooping method and (ii) home fortification at householdlevel using micronutrient powders(MNPs) containing …

Rolling up food fortification to rural areas in Tanzania Read More »

Using supplemental calcium, milk or moringa to mitigate fluorosis: a human trial conducted in the Rift Valley of Ethiopia

Objectives The Ethiopian Rift Valley has 14 million residents affected by excess fluoride (F). Adamitulu is particularly affected by fluorosis. The low intake of calcium may be a factor in the severity of fluorosis. Methods An 8 day trial was conducted to determine effects of dietary calcium on urinary F concentration. 28 healthy women were …

Using supplemental calcium, milk or moringa to mitigate fluorosis: a human trial conducted in the Rift Valley of Ethiopia Read More »

Longitudinal changes in vitamin D concentrations during pregnancy among Brazilian women

Objectives To estimate the prevalence of vitamin D inadequacy and to characterize the physiological changes in 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D] and 1,25-dihydroxivitamin D [1,25(OH) 2D] across healthy pregnancy. Methods A cohort of 229 apparently healthy pregnant women was followed between 5th-13th, 20th-26th and 30th-36th gestational weeks. The 25(OH)D (nmol/L) and 1,25(OH)2D (pmol/L) were measured by LC-MS/MS, …

Longitudinal changes in vitamin D concentrations during pregnancy among Brazilian women Read More »

Successful improvement of micronutrient content in corn soy blend (CSB) porridge used for treatment of moderate acute malnutrition (MAM) through a social behavior change communication (SBCC) intervention aimed at increasing amount of added fortified vegetable oil (FVO)

Objectives In order to increase micronutrient content (vitamins A and D), essential fatty acid content, and energy density of CSB porridge used for treatment of MAM in children < 5 years of age in Malawi, a study evaluated the effectiveness of an intervention which provided an augmented ration of FVO along with SBCC. This secondary …

Successful improvement of micronutrient content in corn soy blend (CSB) porridge used for treatment of moderate acute malnutrition (MAM) through a social behavior change communication (SBCC) intervention aimed at increasing amount of added fortified vegetable oil (FVO) Read More »

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