Role of Food assistance programs on anemia status in children

Abstract Number Theme Presentation Type Cover Approved
0274 Risks or risk/ benefit of micronutrient interventions Poster Not Approved


Abstract Content


To investigate the indirect association between Food Assistance Programs (FAP) and anemia through Food and Socio-Economic Conditions (FSEC) in beneficiary children.


A Structural Equation Model (SEQ) was constructed to establish relationships of FAP and FSEC with anemia. This analysis is based on a cross-sectional comparative study with based on a sample of 1214 households with children (< 5y old), beneficiaries of two FAP: Prospera (previously named Oportunidades) and Rescue to Malnutrition with amaranth (RMA) in San Luis Potosi, México. We also included a comparison group.


SEQ Model-adjusted showed that anemia prevalence was significantly higher in Prospera children (40.8%, CI: 36.1, 45.7) and RMA showed significantly lower prevalence of anemia (23.6% CI: 18.8, 28.5), both versus the comparison group (28.5, CI: 23.7, 33.4). A decomposition effects analysis of the model revealed the existence of a significant indirect association of FAPs on the prevalence of anemia via the Food and Socio-Economic Condition (FSEC), in children under five years of age. The Prospera assistance program showed a positive significant indirect association with prevalence of anemia (Coefficient= 0.069, P<0.001) and the RMA program showed a negative significant indirect association on prevalence of anemia (Coefficient= -0.038, P=0.001). As expected, there was a significant direct association of FAP on FSEC.


FAP could indirectly modify anemia prevalence in young children with a direct improvement on FSEC. The unexpected sign of the association of RMA on FSEC and anemia prevalence reflects differences in programs focalization.

Our website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience.
Please visit our Privacy Policy page for more information.