Alarcon, Pablo 

Author Profile and Abstracts

Abstracts Authored

or participated in

A 2015 global update on folic-acid-preventable spina bifida and anencephaly

Objectives Spina bifida and anencephaly are two major neural tube defects. They contribute substantially to perinatal, neonatal, infant, and under-five mortality and life-long disability. To monitor the progress toward the total prevention of folic acid-preventable spina bifida and anencephaly (FAP SBA), we examined their global status in 2015. Methods Based on existing data, we modelled

A community based distribution strategy using village health volunteers (VHV) is effective in increasing coverage of micronutrient powders (MNPs) among children 6-24 month in Cambodia

Objectives To test methods to deliver MNPs to children 6 to 24 months in targeted areas of Cambodia Methods A multi-channel MNP strategy was implemented to increase use of MNP including cascade training, monitoring, a mass media campaign and promotion by village health volunteers (VHVs). Three MNP delivery strategies were tested: (i) a community based

A comparison of dietary diversity, phytate and mineral intake in South Asian women living in United Kingdom and Pakistan.

Objectives Micronutrient deficiencies continue to be the major public health problem in Pakistan where the cereal based staple diet containing inhibitory phytates and poor dietary diversity are contributing factors.Specific ObjectivesTo compare dietary diversity among South Asian women in northwest UK (NWUK) with those living in northwest Pakistan (NWPK), and to determine the iron, zinc and

A comparison of iron absorption from single versus twice daily dosing and from consecutive versus alternate day dosing in iron-depleted women by using iron stable isotopes

Objectives Recommendations generally advise dividing an oral iron dose into twice daily doses to maximize fractional and total iron absorption. However, there is little direct evidence to support this. In short-term studies, the prolonged plasma hepcidin increase after oral iron blunts absorption on the following day; this suggests alternate day dosing may be preferred.We compared

A comparison of the nutritional status of children under-five from different small-scale surveys in different regions in Indonesia

Objectives Comparing the nutritional status of children under-five and the possible contributing factors from different small-scale surveys conducted by CWS in different regions in Indonesia Methods CWS collected information on nutritional status and its contributing factors through small-scale surveys in CWS intervention areas. These surveys were conducted in Nias, Poso, and SoE District . They

A double-blind randomized placebo-controlled trial evaluating the effect of micronutrient powder (MNP) on urinary iodine levels of Filipino children aged 4 – 6 years

Objectives To determine the effect of MNP (90 ug iodine) given for 16 weeks on iodine status of children aged 4-6 years old Methods In this randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial, coded sachets with 1.0 g MNP (15 micronutrients; 90 ug iodine) or 1.0 g placebo were added to rations of children enrolled in a supplementary

A joint call to accelerate the attainment of fortification goals in Nigeria

Objectives In 2000 Nigeria set standards for the fortification of; refined vegetable oil, flour and sugar with vitamin A.In 2015 13%, 11% and 20% of flour, sugar and oil samples complied with the national standards respectively. The government and partners worked together to developed a position paper with the objective of accelerating the attainment of

A multiplexed micronutrient assay for rapid and accurate population surveillance

Objectives Deficiencies of vitamin A, iron and iodine affect a significant portion of the world’s population and are often associated with adverse health outcomes, particularly among pregnant women and children. Efforts to characterize deficiency patterns have been hampered by a lack of measurement tools appropriate for large-scale use. Since many of these micronutrients are not

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