Addressing a gap in prenatal and postnatal multiple-micronutrient supplement coverage for low-income pregnant and lactating women in the United States

Abstract Number Theme Presentation Type Cover Approved
0055 Innovative program or delivery models Poster Not Approved


Abstract Content


Multi-micronutrient supplementation of pregnant women improves maternal health and birth outcomes– especially among women in food-insecure households. In the United States, many low-income pregnant women qualify for a social healthcare program that typically provides prescriptions for free dietary supplements. Despite these efforts, many low-income pregnant women face barriers to participation. Vitamin Angels’ objective is to provide multiple-micronutrient supplements to the most vulnerable pregnant and lactating women who may have difficulty accessing these types of supplements through conventional avenues.


Vitamin Angels partners with a network of non-profit and public health organizations that serve low-income pregnant and lactating women who may not be adequately supported by local social healthcare programs. These organizations distribute individual six-month supplies of prenatal and postnatal multiple-micronutrient supplements donated by Vitamin Angels, mitigating many common barriers to multiple-micronutrient supplement access. This network includes food banks, free clinics, community health centers, pregnancy resource centers, and other public health programs that reach target beneficiaries throughout the United States.


Through a network of over 160 partners in the U.S., Vitamin Angels provided prenatal and postnatal multiple-micronutrient supplements to over 65,000 low-income pregnant and lactating women in 2015.


There is a need for multiple-micronutrient supplementation interventions for low-income women during pregnancy and lactation, globally, including in the United States. Vitamin Angels’ experience in the United States demonstrates that it is possible to increase women’s access to multiple-micronutrient supplements during the most important periods of development in the life cycle in a manner that is complementary to a social healthcare program.

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