Anemia and iron deficiency among adolescent Sudanese school girls

Abstract Number Theme Presentation Type Cover Approved
0157 Prevalence and risk factors for micronutrient status(deficiency, overload) Poster Not Approved


Abstract Content


the study was done to assess the prevalence of iron deficiency (ID) and iron deficiency anemia (IDA) among secondary school adolescent Sudanese girls. The effect of Socio-demographic factors in their iron status was also studied.


446 adolescent girls (13-18y) from 10 secondary schools in Bahry locality in Khartoum province were included in random cross-sectional study to assess iron status. The sample size was potent by an estimated prevalence of 17.6% of iron deficiency in adolescent girls with a precision of 5% at 95% confidence limit with a design effect of two (rural and urban). We used the standard indicators recommended by WHO to assess iron status in a population. CRP was estimated firstly to exclude any sample with high acute phase protein then complete blood count ( CBC), serum ferritin (SF), and serum transferrin receptors (stfr) were measured and body iron store was calculated. A questionnaire was completed by all participants. Statistical analysis was performed using SPSS version 21? for windows.?


The prevalence of anemia defined as Hb <12 g/dl was 43.1%. The prevalence of ID and IDA according to SF level was 45.3% and 29.8%, according to stfr, was 28.0% (for ID), and 34.9% and 28.0% (for ID), and 34.9% and Body iron store were, 24.9%, and 26.5% (for IDA) respectively. There was no significant deferent of ID according to SF between rural and urban areas (p= 0.61), but there was significant deferent between public and private schools (p= 0.00).Monthly income affected ID significantly.


the main outcome of the study that anemia was a severe medical problem(43.1%) which require intervention according to WHO guide lines. ID contributed to most cases of anemia. ID was affected by socioeconomic factors rather than demographic factors.

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